A twin town, capital of the Indigetes
The Iron Age archaeological site of Ullastret comprises two fortified habitats very close to each another, Puig de Sant Andreu and Illa d'en Reixac, which occupied an area of over 15 ha. These two population centres together formed, from the 5th century BC, a veritable town with a high population density (around 6,000 inhabitants), which became the capital of the Indigetes people. This site includes the cremation necropolis located on the hill of Puig de Serra (Serra de Daró), a short distance to the north of the fortified settlements, and the only one from the High Iberian period (5th - 3rd centuries BC) found in the Girona area. This town had, over the centuries, contacts of various kinds - especially through trade - with some of the main peoples of the ancient Mediterranean: Etruscans, Greeks and Carthaginians. Furthermore, due to its geographical position, it also had contact with and was influenced by Celtic peoples on the other side of the Pyrenees. This influence is evident, above all, in the Latinate weaponry used and also the adoption of the ritual of displaying severed human heads, accompanied by unused weapons, exhibited as trophies in public places and large gatherings.
A museum with history
The monographic museum of Ullastret, first opened in 1961, was installed on the upper part of the hill of Puig de Sant Andreu, over the remains of an 8th century Carolingian castle (the castellum Uellosos) and taking advantage of the architectural structure of a medieval church dedicated to Saint Andrew, which dates back to at least the 13th century. This small site museum aims to present to the visitor the daily life and the most important aspects of the Iberian culture of the north-eastern peninsula, although logically with a special focus and detail to the archaeological site of Ullastret. Since 2016, the museum has had a small immersion room, where an innovative audiovisual is projected with the virtual reconstruction of the Iberian town. This multimedia resource, created through rigorous interdisciplinary scientific study, allows visitors to walk through its streets and enter its homes, just as they were around 250 BC.
Aerial view of a complex, multi-compartment building
Attached to the western section of the wall of Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret). © MAC-Ullastret. Photo: AERIMATGE.
Skull pierced by an iron nail and a 3D facial reconstruction
Belonging to a young man of 16-18 years of age. © MAC-Ullastret. Photo: Guillem FH. Reconstruction: VISUALFORENSIC Ph. Froesch / D. Nociarová.
Along the northern section of the moat that protected the western flank of Puig de Sant Andreu (Ullastret). © MAC-Ullastret.
With incised (sgraffito) North-eastern Iberian writing, interpreted as a possible trade note. © MAC-Ullastret. Photo: J. Casanova.
View of the museum's immersion room
During the projection of the virtual reconstruction of the site. © MAC-Ullastret.
Bronze belt buckle
That was part of the grave goods in one of the tombs excavated in the necropolis of Puig de Serra (Serra de Daró). © MAC-Ullastret. Photo: Guillem FH.